Ergonomic Risk Factors Among Newspaper Employees
Ergonomic Risk Factors for WMSDs Among Newspaper Employees
A cross-sectional study was done to assess the association of upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and work-related factors among employees using video display terminals at a large metropolitan newspaper, Scandinavian Journal of Work and Environmental Health, 1994;20:417-26, “Job Task and Psychosocial Risk Factors for Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Newspaper Employees,” written by Bruce Bernard, M.D.; Steve Sauter, Ph.D.; Lawrence Fine, M.D.; Martin Petersen, Ph.D.; and Thomas Hales, M.D.
973 Participants in Study of Ergonomic Risk Factors
A total of 973 workers completed the survey. The one-year period prevalence rate for any musculoskeletal disorder of the upper extremities was 41 percent.
Musculoskeletal Disorder (MSD) Symptoms Reported
- Neck symptoms were the most frequently reported at 26 percent of the workers;
- Hand or wrist symptoms were reported by 22 percent of the workers;
- Shoulder symptoms were reported by 17 percent of the workers; and
- Elbow symptoms were reported by 10 percent of the workers.
Ergonomic Risk Factors
“Greater time working at the video display station was associated with increased hand or wrist symptoms in a dose-response relationship.”
Psychosocial Risk Factors
“In addition, variables corresponding to increased work-load demands (increased time working under deadline and increased job pressure) were associated with increased neck, shoulder, and hand or wrist disorders.”
Women More Likely to Report MSD Symptoms
“Women were more likely to report symptoms in several areas, but this finding may reflect the concentration of women in jobs involving more risk factors.”
Conclusion – High Prevalence of Upper Extremity MSDs Among Newspaper Employees
“The results suggest a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of the upper extremities among newspaper employees. They provide additional evidence that increased work load, time pressure, and greater hours of computer use are related to the occurrence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) among these workers, particularly for disorders in the hand or wrist area.”