Poor ergonomic habits can lead to pain and disability whether at work or home. Ergonomic risk factors to avoid include repetition, force, awkward posture, static posture, contact stress, compression, and vibrations. A good ergonomics program has been shown to always be successful if the elements listed are included.
What is ergonomics?
Ergonomics is the science of fitting the job to the worker to reduce risk factors for pain and injury.
When the requirements of a job exceed the capacity of the worker, work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) can occur.
People who spend a lot of time driving, social networking, or gaming can also minimize risk factors for the development of musculoskeletal pain and disorders (MSDs).
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“The study of history can sometimes fool us into the belief that societies progressively improve on what has come before, as our body of knowledge increases. It seems we do not march slowly forward to an ultimate solution in this regard, but rather we tend to reinvent and then forget.” Kim Gurr
“A History of Seating in the Western World” discusses seating beginning with ancient Egypt through the modern ergonomics professional. It is a research paper based on the Postgraduate Diploma in Ergonomics Research project performed by Kim Gurr under the supervision of Leon Straker, Physiotherapy, and Phillip Moore, Social Sciences, at the Curtin University of Technology in Perth, Western Australia. Unfortunately, Ms. Gurr died before finalizing her research.
Seating is Important for Ergonomics
Seating is an important issue for contemporary ergonomics. Its frequent use by humans and its association with musculoskeletal disorders are just some of the reasons for its importance.
Ancient History of Seating through the Modern History of Western Seating
To understand the place of seating in modern Western societies, it is useful to understand its history.
This paper presents an overview of the ancient history of seating and the modern history of Western seating with particular emphasis on the design influences over the past 5,000 year period.
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